Lara’s Travels: Meteora

In the last edition of Lara’s Travels, I wrote about the island of Jan Mayen in the Arctic Ocean, one of the real-life locations featured in Tomb Raider: Underworld. This time, however, we’ll be going back in time to where it all began and look at one of the places Lara visits in the original Tomb Raider and Anniversary: St. Francis’ Folly.

Of course, there is no real-life St. Francis’ Folly – try not to be too disappointed – but this hasn’t deterred fans from spending considerable time and energy trying to pinpoint its exact location.

St Francis' Folly as it appears in Tomb Raider: Anniversary
St Francis’ Folly as it appears in Tomb Raider: Anniversary. Image credit: Kelly M.

To be perfectly honest, I’m not going to argue whether it may have been in Italy or Cyprus or even Turkey as the game developers clearly intended it to be located in Greece. And you need only take one look at the mountain-top monasteries of Meteora in central Greece to agree that these must have inspired the design and setting of the fictional ruined monastery.

Meteora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site perched above the city of Kalambaka in Thessaly and is home to one of Greece’s most important complexes of Eastern Orthodox monasteries. Its name means “suspended in the air”, referring to the medieval monasteries that were built atop the region’s towering sandstone pillars. These were once only accessible via removable rope ladders and hoist nets which were allegedly only replaced once they broke. Now there’s a comforting thought.

Only 6 of the site’s 24 monasteries have survived to this day and only a couple of these still house religious communities. Luckily for modern-day tourists, the monasteries are now accessible by stairs and bridges so they need not place their faith in decaying rope ladders. But why and when did monks decide to settle in this isolated and seemingly inhospitable area?

Meteora in Central Greece
Meteora, in Central Greece. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

Archaeological evidence suggests that small communities of hermits have lived in the area since the 10th century. Their caves offered them the perfect refuge from the temptations and chaos of the secular world, and some can still be seen tucked away in the hollows and fissures of Meteora’s sandstone cliffs.

But it wasn’t until the arrival of a monk from Mount Athos, Athanasios Koinovitis, and his group of followers that Eastern Orthodox monks took a real interest in the area. Athanasios, who came to be known as St. Athanasios Meteorites, founded the Great Meteoron Monastery in the mid-14th century. Local legend claims that he was carried to the top of Platys Lithos (or “Broad Rock”) on the back of an eagle.

The Great Meteoron is the oldest and largest of Meteora’s monasteries and it has plenty to offer tourists. Visitors can admire the main church’s beautiful frescoes, explore the monastery’s wine cellars, and marvel at the rare religious icons and manuscripts on display in its museum . They can also visit the sacristy, where they can see the bones and skulls of the monastery’s former residents stacked on its wooden shelves. Perhaps not something for the faint-hearted.

The collapse of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century sparked the migration of monks, nuns, and pilgrims to this remote part of the Plain of Thessaly. Many of them sought refuge from the invading Ottoman Turks and a total of 24 monasteries were established within the space of a century. Some of these monasteries can still be seen today, though not all of them are open to the public or even accessible. The ruins of Ypselotera, a small monastery founded in 1390 and abandoned in the 17th century, can be seen from the south-east corner of the Great Meteoron.

One of the monasteries that can be visited by tourists is St. Nikolaos Anapafsas, which was, according to Wikipedia, the inspiration for St. Francis’ Folly. I haven’t been able to verify this claim but there could be an element of truth in it. St. Nikolaos Anapafsas was built on a particularly narrow rock, so the ever-resourceful monks decided to build vertically rather than outwards. It is one of the few multi-storey monasteries in Meteora and it offers stunning views of the village of Kastraki, the majestic Pindus mountains, and the Great Meteoron.

There’s no evidence of a Roman colosseum or a palace of King Midas at St. Nikolaos Anapafsas or at any of the other monasteries but there are quite a few cisterns dotted around this sacred landscape. These naturally-formed cisterns once supplied the monasteries with fresh water. Luckily for the monks, the chances of stumbling upon a crocodile or an Atlantean burial chamber were exceedingly slim.

The monastery of St. Nikolaos Anapafsas (Image credit: Wikimedia Commons)
The monastery of St. Nikolaos Anapafsas. Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.

By the end of the 19th century, frequent raids by bandits and Ottoman soldiers had prompted most of the monks and nuns to abandon Meteora. Many of the monasteries’ treasures were seized by Ali Pasha’s troops and the monasteries soon fell into a state of disrepair. It wasn’t until the 1920s that pilgrims began to return to the area.

This peace was interrupted by the German occupation of Greece during the Second World War and the subsequent Greek Civil War of the late 1940s, when the monasteries were used as shelters and suffered some structural damage. Restoration and renovation works began in the 1960s and the reopened monasteries came to rely on tourism and the entertainment industry to make ends meet. Some scenes from the 1981 James Bond film “For Your Eyes Only” were shot at the Monastery of the Holy Trinity or Agia Triada. Meteora’s enchanting scenery can also be admired in the 1961 film “Tintin and the Mystery of the Golden Fleece”.

Today, Meteora is one of Greece’s most popular tourist destinations and it has become a mecca for climbers, who have over 600 climbing routes and 100 rock towers to choose from. Anyone can visit the monasteries of Meteora but all visitors must abide by a strict dress code. For example, women must cover their shoulders and wear long skirts. Needless to say, Lara would have a tough time getting through the front door in her trademark shorts and tight tank top.

But then again, Lara always preferred to take the road less travelled.

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About Kelly M

Kelly McGuire is a writer, translator, and gamer who is passionate about archaeology, language learning, travel, and wildlife conservation. She tweets under the username @TRHorizons and is the admin and chief content creator for Tomb Raider Horizons.

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7 Comments on “Lara’s Travels: Meteora”

    1. What do you think of the new game?

      As for Meteora, it looks like a beautiful place. I didn’t get the chance to visit it when I visited Greece a few years ago but will make a point of going there next time. Such a stunning landscape…